A total joint replacement is a procedure for fixing a damaged, dysfunctional or arthritic joint. This surgery takes out the damaged joint, which will be replaced with a prosthesis. The artificial joint may be made from plastic, metal, or ceramic material.
The body’s joints are designed to connect two bones. They play crucial roles in the body’s stability, flexibility, and movement. There are several joints in the human body. The most commonly in need of total replacement, however, are the joints in the knees, the hips, and shoulders.
Who Needs Total Joint Replacement Surgery
In any musculoskeletal medical issue, surgery is usually the last line of treatment when all other conservative methods have been exhausted and there’s still no improvement. This is usually followed by strict pharmacologic intervention and physical therapy. The patient may need to undergo a total joint replacement surgery, also called arthroplasty, if:
- There’s too much pain due to chronic inflammation or swelling, which no longer improves with medication
- The joint is deformed
- Movement is limited and everyday activities like walking or climbing the stairs are getting increasingly difficult
- There’s still pain even if the patient is resting
According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, most total joint replacement surgeries are done on patients between 50 to 80 years old. The procedure is generally safe even for an elderly person with a degenerative disease.
To find out if a total joint replacement procedure is right for you, schedule an appointment with our skilled orthopedic specialist in Brooksville!
Prevalence of Total Joint Replacement Surgery
Joints are integral to the skeletal system so that it can function as a whole. Some joints can self-lubricate and withstand compression, as well as deliver precise and smooth movements.
But the joint is also vulnerable to certain conditions, which may lead to joint pain and eventual disability. Women are more at risk for hip or knee joint replacements than men as they are also at higher risk for suffering arthritis, according to experts at Pennsylvania Hospital.
Some 182 per 100,000 in the worldwide population have had hip replacement surgery while 135 per 100,000 have had knee replacement surgery, per a study published in OECD Health. The number of total joint replacement surgeries rapidly increased by 30 to 40 percent between 2007 to 2017.
Types of Total Joint Replacement
The most common types of joint replacement procedures occur in three areas of the body: knees, hip, and shoulders.
Total knee replacement
The knee is actually the largest joint in the body. If it’s compromised due to trauma, injury or a medical condition, bad knees can significantly impact a person’s ability to walk. During the surgery, our knee replacement doctor in Brooksville will take out the damaged cartilage found at the end of the tibia and femur. This will be replaced by an artificial component, while a spacer will also be inserted in between to smoothen the artificial joint’s glide.
Total hip replacement
The hip has a ball and socket joint covered by the articular cartilage that could wear down due to an injury or a condition like arthritis. During the surgery, our hip replacement specialist in Brooksville will remove and replace the damaged ball and socket with a prosthesis. As with the knee replacement procedure, a spacer will also be inserted to help with smoother movements.
Total shoulder replacement
The shoulder also has a ball and socket joint and the surgical procedure is similar to a hip replacement surgery.
Total joint replacement surgery can strengthen and stabilize the patient’s body. It may also eliminate pain and improve mobility. In turn, it can improve the patient’s quality of life.
If you or someone you know is considering a joint replacement, wait no longer! Make an appointment with Dr. Tarabishy and find out more about a knee or hip replacement in Brooksville.
What to do Before, During, and After the Surgery
Patients must aim to be in better shape before the surgery. Doing light exercises regularly can facilitate a quick recovery as the body will be in better shape to handle the trauma of the operation.
Since the patient will need crutches and walkers, it might also help to learn to use them before going under the knife. If possible, patients may enlist the help of a physical therapist earlier to help with the preparations. The physical therapist is also an important part of the patient’s postoperative rehabilitation.
Patients with habits like smoking or drinking alcohol are strongly encouraged to stop, as tobacco products and alcohol can slow down the healing of surgical wounds.
After surgery, patients must follow doctor’s orders when it comes to taking medication, exercises and physical therapy. A follow-up check-up must also be done a week after the surgery.
After full recovery from total joint replacement surgery, patients must take proper care of their new joints. Since replacement joints are artificial, they may also be prone to wearing out, according to the Arthritis Foundation. Our Knee replacement specialist and hip replacement doctor in Brooksville would discuss ways to take care of your prostheses. They would also gladly answer any question you might have regarding your options, risks, and expectations before proceeding with the surgery.
Seek the help of our knee and hip replacement doctors in Brooksville
Patients who are in need of a trusted knee and hip replacement specialist can always visit our orthopedic clinic in Brooksville. With years of experience and training under our belt, we are committed to providing our patients with the best services. We will guide you through the assessment, surgery, and rehabilitation process, so you are assured of a full recovery.
Visit our Orthopedic clinic or contact us today if you have any questions. To learn what options best suit your medical needs, feel free to book an appointment.
The material contained on this site is for informational purposes only and DOES NOT CONSTITUTE THE PROVIDING OF MEDICAL ADVICE, and is not intended to be a substitute for independent professional medical judgment, advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with any questions or concerns you may have regarding your health.